Thyroglossal Duct Cysts in Children

May 15th, 2018 by admin in Paediatric Otolaryngology Comments Off on Thyroglossal Duct Cysts in Children

Thyroglossal Duct Cysts in ChildrenA thyroglossal duct cyst is a common midline cyst that occurs in children, usually under the age of ten, just under the jaw. It represents an embryological remnant form when the thyroid gland, which in the embryo is formed in the base of the tongue, descends into the neck.

The passage of descent is quite interesting, as it goes from deep to superficial, the tract wraps around a bone called the hyoid bone, and then the thyroid gland descends to its position in the neck overlying the trachea.

These cysts often present after an upper respiratory tract infection as a firm, midline structure.

If they become infected, they are red and tended.

Definitive treatment involves excising the cyst, and the tract, and sometimes part of the hyoid bone.

If you or children have any problems that may be related to thyroid gland, or the embryological development of the thyroid gland, please contact us at Havas ENT Clinics and we would be delighted to help you.