Oral Cavity Lesions

April 13th, 2017 by admin in Havas ENT Clinics, Mouth Comments Off on Oral Cavity Lesions

Oral cavity lesion can be caused by a wide variety of factors. Many are relatively harmless, however some may represent an increased risk of malignant transformation and should be dealt with more aggressively.

Geographic tongue is an inflammatory condition of the mucous membrane of the tongue, usually on the dorsal surface. It is a relatively common condition that affects approximately 2-3% of the general population.

It is characterised by areas of smooth, red deep pappilation (loss of lingual papillae), which change position over time. The name comes from a pseudo-map like appearance of the tongue, with the patches resembling the islands of an archipelago.

The cause of this condition is unknown. It is important to realize that it is entirely benign. It does not represent oral cancer, and it does not progress to oral cancer.

Oral Leukoplakia is defined as a white patch or plaque that cannot be rubbed off and cannot be characterised clinically or histologically as any other condition. It is not associated with any physical or chemical causative agent except for the use of tobacco.

Erythroplakia is a red patch on the oral mucosa that cannot be accounted to by any specific disease entity. It exists on a continuum, both in appearance and behavior, with leukoplakia and mixed erythro-leukplakia.

Leukoplakia and erythroplakia together are characterised as premalignant oral lesions, and as a result should be taken seriously.

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If you have any lesions in your oral cavity, come and see Professor Havas for a definitive diagnosis and treatment plan.