Dizziness and Vertigo

January 25th, 2017 by admin in Havas ENT Clinics Comments Off on Dizziness and Vertigo

Dizziness is a sense of unsteadiness. One’s sense of balance depends on the brain processing information from a variety of sources including your eyes, ears, your joint position senses and other parts of your central nervous system. If the messages the brain receives from the sensory organs are contradictory or if the central processing part of the brain is not functioning properly one experiences a sense of dizziness or loss of balance.

Vertigo is a special type of dizziness or unsteadiness. There is a hallucination of motion and that motion is characterized by a sensation of rotation or spinning. Sitting up or moving around tends to make the symptoms worse. Occasionally vertigo is severe enough to cause nausea and vomiting. When it comes to making a diagnosis the duration of the symptom whether it is minutes, hours or days is important.

Vertigo can broadly be grouped into two categories, namely Peripheral causes relating to disorders of the balance canals in the inner ears, and Central causes, which relate to disorders of the brain itself. Peripheral problems can be sub-classified into those that have normal hearing and those in which the hearing is impaired.

If the vertigo is not associated with hearing loss, Benign Paroxysmal Position Vertigo (BPPV) and Vestibular Migraine are two major causes.

If hearing loss is associated with vertigo, major diagnoses include Meniere’s Disease, Acoustic Neuroma and Serous labyrinthitis secondary to middle ear pathology.

Dizziness and vertigo can hugely affect one’s quality of life. Come and see Professor Havas for more information if you are suffering from these symptoms.