Archive for the ‘Paediatric Otolaryngology’ Category

Nasal Septal Deviation in Childhood

August 28th, 2018 by admin in Nose Clinic, Paediatric Otolaryngology Comments Off on Nasal Septal Deviation in Childhood

The nasal septum is the partition that divides the nose into two halves. The front of it is cartilage and the back of it is bone. It provides the site of an important growth plate for normal mid-facial growth and development. The exact site of the growth plate has not been identified. If we look […]

Paediatric Runny Nose in Winter

June 5th, 2018 by admin in Nose Clinic, Paediatric Otolaryngology Comments Off on Paediatric Runny Nose in Winter

Entering winter, you will notice that many of your children have a perennial runny nose. The most common causes of this are viral upper respiratory tract infection. Even if the mucous becomes quite thick and yellow, it is unlikely to be a significant bacterial infection. Remember that diagnosis of sinusitis in children is uncommon, and […]

Sinusitis in the Paediatric Age Group, Specifically in Children Under Five

May 24th, 2018 by admin in Nose Clinic, Paediatric Otolaryngology Comments Off on Sinusitis in the Paediatric Age Group, Specifically in Children Under Five

Infection of the nose, or rhinitis, is common in young children. It is primarily due to the fact that the back of the nose is often blocked by adenoid tissue, interfering with proper drainage of mucous. Under the age of one year, a lot of children have a condition called snuffly nose of childhood, where […]

Thyroglossal Duct Cysts in Children

May 15th, 2018 by admin in Paediatric Otolaryngology Comments Off on Thyroglossal Duct Cysts in Children

A thyroglossal duct cyst is a common midline cyst that occurs in children, usually under the age of ten, just under the jaw. It represents an embryological remnant form when the thyroid gland, which in the embryo is formed in the base of the tongue, descends into the neck. The passage of descent is quite […]

Intracapsular tonsillectomy

February 15th, 2018 by admin in Paediatric Otolaryngology, Sleep Clinic, Throat Clinic Comments Off on Intracapsular tonsillectomy

New techniques of tonsillectomy are always emerging. In the last ten years, a technique called intracapsular tonsillectomy has become popular. This involves removing the tonsil from inside the capsule, but leaving the capsule intact. It was here the to thought, that if this technique were used, the chance of recurrent infections, because not all tonsil […]

Runny Nose in Children

October 19th, 2017 by admin in Nose Clinic, Paediatric Otolaryngology Comments Off on Runny Nose in Children

Most runny nose in childhood is due to one of the two things – most commonly allergic rhinitis, occasionally persisting blockage at the back of the nose due to big adenoid tissue. Children with big adenoids tend to have a chronic mouth open posture at rest. The discharge from their nose tends to be more […]

Sleep Disorder Breathing in Children

October 12th, 2017 by admin in Paediatric Otolaryngology, Sleep Clinic Comments Off on Sleep Disorder Breathing in Children

Enlarged tonsils and adenoids are the most common cause of obstructive sleep apnea in children. Remember that obstructive sleep apnea is not a clinical diagnosis, but is made on a result of sleep study. Sleep study can differentiate between certain conditions, which appear to be the same, but are very different in terms of their […]

Spring is the time for nasal allergies

September 13th, 2017 by admin in Nose Clinic, Paediatric Otolaryngology Comments Off on Spring is the time for nasal allergies

The germination of various of grasses and pollen around this time of the year is associated with seasonal hay fever or allergic rhinitis. Nasal allergies in spring time is characterised by itchy nose, sneezing, and runny nose, often in conjunction with red, itchy and runny eyes. If you get these symptoms, the most effective way […]

Neck Lumps in Children

August 23rd, 2017 by admin in Paediatric Otolaryngology Comments Off on Neck Lumps in Children

Neck lumps in children are very common. In most cases, these are caused by enlarged lymph nodes as a reaction to an infection nearby. Although they can be very alarming to parents, they are very rarely serious. They are more common in children under the age 5, as children at that age tend to get […]

Nasal Obstruction And Secondary Dento-Facial Deformities In Children

May 23rd, 2017 by admin in Nose Clinic, Paediatric Otolaryngology Comments Off on Nasal Obstruction And Secondary Dento-Facial Deformities In Children

For the last 100 years there has been extensive ENT and orthodontic literature detailing the relationship between longstanding nasal obstruction, altered patterns of facial growth morphology and dentofacial deformity. Major causes of nasal obstruction The major causes of nasal obstruction in childhood are 1. Allergic rhinitis; this manifests by hypertrophy of the mucosa or the […]