Snoring in children

January 29th, 2015 by admin in Sleep Clinic Comments Off on Snoring in children

What is obstructive sleep apnoea in children?

Snoring in ChildrenObstructive sleep apnoea in children refers to an altered pattern of breathing whereby children undergo long breath holding episodes. This is non-physiological and results in two things; their blood oxygen level drops and their carbon dioxide level rises as a result of which they have frequent waking episodes.

How does sleep apnoea affect your child?

During a normal eight-hour sleep period, a child with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnoea could wake 30-40 times, whereas children with severe obstructive sleep apnoea not only have oxygen level dropping to dangerously low levels, but might experience 80-100 waking episodes.

The cumulative effect of this is two-fold. Lack of oxygen interferes with the brains normal growth and development, and the prolonged downside of sleep deprivation affects behaviour, learning and quality of life.

How common is this condition?

It is difficult to accurately pinpoint the prevalence of paediatric OSA. Between 1.5%-6.0% of parents report their child as ‘always ‘snoring, and between 0.2%-4% of parents report their child having instances of sleep apnoea events. Overall, about 7.5% of parents reported snoring in their child.

It is more common in boys than it is in girls, and it is more common in children that are overweight.

If you are worried that your child may suffer from this condition, know that you are not alone. Untreated this condition can have very negative effect for the developing body but at Havas ENT we have many treatment options to suit your child.

What should you do if you think your child may suffer from this snoring?

If you suspect your child of having obstructive sleep apnoea, appropriate investigation is to take your child to an ENT surgeon. The most common cause of this condition is enlarged tonsils and adenoids causing upper airway obstruction.

Sometimes the diagnosis is made clinically, and sometimes your child has to have a sleep study. A sleep study involves going into hospital and having a multitude of test done on your children while they are asleep. Their oxygen level and carbon dioxide level is monitored, their heart rate and blood pressure is monitored, their brainwaves are monitored to assess their level of sleep, and a little plate is put under their nose and mouth to see how much their breathing is affected during the breath holding episodes.

Sleep Apnoea in Children

How is paediatric snoring treated?

85% of children are successfully treated by adenotonsillectomy. This involves taking out their tonsils and adenoids. The net effect of this is to correct the plumbing problem, open their airway, so normal pattern of breathing and sleep can be re-established.

What if adenotonsillectomy is ineffective for your child?

For 15% of children in whom surgery is not appropriate, sometimes continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), which involves putting a mask over their nose and face, connected to a pump that pumps air under pressure, is the appropriate treatment.

Why should you go to Havas ENT Clinic?

Professor Havas is considered one of the leading experts on the issue in Australia. He has a many years of experience dealing with this condition and has written many papers on the topic.

If you think your child suffers from this condition, or want any additional information on the topic, please contact us on 02 9387 7360 to book an appointment. For your convenience, we have three locations.
Bondi Junction Havas ENT Clinic: 506/1 Newland Street, Bondi Junction NSW 2022.
North Sydney Havas ENT Clinic: 200 Pacific Highway, Crows Nest NSW 2065.
Kogarah Havas ENT Clinic:1 South St, Kogarah NSW 2217.